TRAINING CENTRE & SCHOOL
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
HISTORY OF HAZARIBAG
1. Hazaribag literally means a place with a thousand gardens. Hazaribag town is on the national highway connecting Ranchi to Patna. Paddy, wheat and maize are the main crops grown in the district. Vegetables, oilseed and pulses are also grown. Coal, mica, fire clay, lime stone and quartz are the minerals found in the district, which has a major sheet glass manufacturing unit. Hazaribag has a wildlife sanctuary.
2. In very early times, the district was covered with inaccessible forests where those non- Aryan tribes who refused to surrender to the steadily advancing Aryans, retired at different times. The entire territory of Chhotanagpur, known as Jharkhand (meaning forest territory) was presumably beyond the pale of distinct Hindu influence in ancient India. Throughout the Turk-Afghan period (up to 1526), the area remained virtually free from external influence. It was only after the accession of Akbar to the throne of Delhi in 1556 that Muslim influence entered Jharkhand, then known to the Mughals as Kokrah. In 1585, Akbar sent a force under the command of Shahbaj Khan to reduce the Raja of Chhotanagpur to the position of a tributary. After the death of Akbar in 1605, the area presumably regained its independence. This necessitated an expedition in 1616 by Ibrahim Khan Fateh Jang, the Governor of Bihar and brother of Queen Noorjehan. Ibrahim Khan defeated and captured Durjan Sal, the 46th Raja of Chhotanagpur. He was imprisoned for 12 years but was later released and reinstated on the throne after he had shown his ability in distinguishing a real diamond from a fake one.
3. In 1632, Chhotanagpur was given as Jagir to the Governor of Patna for an annual payment of Rs. 1,36,000. This was raised to Rs. 1,61,000 in 1636. During the reign of Muhammad Shah (1719-1748), Sarballand Khan, the Governor of then Bihar, marched against the Raja of Chhotanagpur and obtained his submission. Another expedition was led by Fakhruddoula, the Governor of Bihar in 1731.
4. He came to terms with the Raja of Chhotanagpur. In 1735 Alivardi Khan had some difficulty in enforcing the payment of the annual tribute of Rs. 12,000 from the Raja of Ramgarh, as agreed to by the latter according to the terms settled with Fakhruddoula. This situation continued until the occupation of the country by the British.
5. Subsequent to the Kol uprising in 1831 which, however, did not seriously affect Hazaribag, the administrative structure of the territory was changed. The paraganas Ramgarh, Kharagdiha, Kendi and Kunda became parts of the South-West Frontier Agency and were formed into a division named Hazaribag as the administrative headquarters.
6. In 1854 the designation of South-West Frontier Agency was changed to Chhotanagpur and it began to be administered as a Non-regulation province under the Lieutenant Governor of the then Bihar. In 1855-56, there was the great uprising of the Santhals against the British which was brutally suppressed.
7. The district of Hazaribag was further divided into 03 separate district after 1991 census by upgrading the two sub divisions namely Chatra and Koderma to the status of districts.
8. Tourist places near by TC&S BSF Hazaribag.
(Approx 45 Km from TC&S)
Highest hill in Jharkhand measuring 4480 feet. The Parashnath Temple is a holy place of the Jains. According to Jain tradition 23 out of 24 Tirthankars attained salvation here 100 KM from TC&S.
Canary Hills A well laid out park studded with three small lakes providing a panoramic view of the town from the top 4 KM from TC&S.
Hazaribag Lake Offers a great sight for picnics and outings 11KM from TC&S.
Rajrappa Famous for the MAA CHINNAMASTIKA Temple situated on the point where river Bhera joins the Damodar 75 KM from TC&S.
Konar Dam Beautiful site and a great hangout place 45 KM from TC&S.
Suraj Kund A hot spring area under Barkatha Block having 87º C to 26º C hot water springs 65 KM from TC&S.
Isko Caves 45 Kms south east of the district town. Some very attractive geometrical design along with human and animal figures are found here.
Kaleshwari Temple Maa Durga Temple where the goddess is worshipped as Kaleshwari 60 KM from TC&S.